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Journal of Contemporary Social Sciences and Humanities

ISSN 2985-0541 (Print)

ISSN 2985-055X (Online)

Design Guidelines for the Identity of Rapid Transit Stations in Bangkok from Passenger’s Perception of Physical Environment

  • Onsoung Seangsuk, Faculty of Architecture, Art and Design, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Lardkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand, *Corresponding author’s E-mail : fantar.rk@gmail.com
  • Prapatpong Upala, Faculty of Architecture KingMongkut’s Institute of Technology Lardkrabang, Bangkok Thailand


The perceived value of the rapid transit lines in Bangkok can be increased when unique features allow them to be distinguished from each other. This paper aims to describe the perception of physical environments at the four lines of rapid transit in Bangkok including the BTS Sky train (BTS), MRT Blue Line (MRT BL), AERA1 (AERAWAN), and MRT Purple Line (MRT PPL). Questionnaires were used to collect data from 800 passengers, using The Likert Scale and One-way ANOVA analysis to analyze the physical environment of the 4 stations. The questionnaire is divided into 3 phases, (1) Indoor physical environment (2) Outdoor physical environment and (3) Interchange stations. The physical environment perception that significantly affects all passengers’ perception was the outdoor area including the external building, other public transport systems, the entrances, exits, and sign systems in the station. The second was the indoor physical environment comprised of the ticket vending machine, walkway, sign system, the position of the information and cooperate image, followed by the interchange station, Skywalk, and shops. This guideline was designed to assess the stations based on three criteria. (1S) Story is the background from culture, society, that, and the area near the station (2S) Space of the station should be associated with the physical environment of each station. (3S) Style focuses on the pattern of designing a sustainable context for the station. The research findings can be used to identify the environmental factors of the stations that will increase the perceived value of the passengers.

Keywords: Physical Environment, Perception, Identity of Station

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DOI: 10.14456/jcsh.2023.6


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