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Journal of Contemporary Social Sciences and Humanities

ISSN 2985-0541 (Print)

ISSN 2985-055X (Online)

Underpayment Experiences of Filipino Migrant Teachers in Thailand During the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Adrian Rey Opinion Grumo, Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies, Rangsit University, Pathum Thani 12000, Thailand, Corresponding author, E-mail: andoygrumo@gmail.com
  • Sasiphattra Siriwato, Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies, Rangsit University, Pathum Thani 12000, Thailand


Underpayment of wages is a persistent problem among migrant workers globally, and this type of compensation issue is believed to have been stimulated and/or exacerbated with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examines the situation of underpayment among Filipino Migrant Teachers in Thailand during the COVID-19 pandemic and what recommendations are possible to enhance current policies and redress mechanisms towards the issue. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 9 participants and one Philippine government representative to generate the necessary data for the study. This research found that there are four main problems. The first issue is the absence of a bilateral agreement that could standardize labor practices and redress mechanisms. The second concern is that protection measures for complainants are not yet available with the current laws. Third is the lack of labor and cultural orientation programs, and last is the unavailability of multi-lingual systems to communicate effectively with Thai authorities. As such, on a policy-making level, the study recommends continuing the negotiations for a bilateral labor agreement to standardize employment and consider specific modifications in the law to shield migrant teachers from reprisal and the burden of proof. On an institutional level, embedding labor/cultural orientation programs and multi-lingual channels to relevant government offices and places of work would reduce skepticism towards the law, racial bias, and the language barrier between migrant teachers, employers, and authorities.

Keywords: Underpayment of Wages, Wage Theft, Filipino Migrant Teachers, Migrant Workers in Thailand, COVID-19

PDF (509.19 KB)

DOI: 10.14456/jcsh.2024.2


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